To block an IP (all ports), as root:
iptables -I INPUT -s ip-address -j DROP
To unblock an IP:There are two steps. The iptables rule must be deleted by line number, so first you need to determine which rule you want to delete.
iptables -L -n --line-numbers
Next, delete the rule for the IP you want to unblock. This will delete rule number 3:
iptables -D INPUT 3
To clear all firewall rules, use the flush switch